REPORTS, PAPERS and ARTICLES
Report on life cycle assessment and costing
An ICCEE LCA/LCC tool was developed to allow the evaluation of environmental and economic impacts across the cold chain with outputs to be used by various stakeholders: investors, food producers or processors, local communities, supply chain partners, and customers, or eventually LCA practitioners. It offers an overview of a specific cold chain environmental performance in terms of global warming potential, cumulative energy demand and water scarcity, identifying hotspots and the contribution of each stage and the most relevant materials or processes. It can also be used to acknowledge and recognize improvement opportunities for a determined actor in the food industry participating in the supply chain of the evaluated product by creating different scenarios. The data available for the user to create a model range from transport vehicles, distances, fuels to storage and waste scenario activities. This short report presents the tool specificities and characteristics, output indicators, data collection procedures and data processing. Not yet available digitally to all, it is used during the trainings and/or while accompanying SMEs during audits led by the project partners.
Paper - Improving cold chain energy efficiency: EU H2020 project for facilitating energy efficiency improvements in SMEs of the food and beverage cold chains.
A short paper on ICCEE was published in the proceedings of the 6th IIR International Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain organised in Nantes, France, August 26-28 2020 and digitally. The paper is now available against a fee, ICCEE is investigating open access to publish it on the project website.
Abstract: Industry has a substantial potential to improve its energy efficiency. The food and beverage sector and its cold supply chain are responsible for more than 10% of the total final energy consumption of the EU-28. Accurate refrigeration is required for optimal preservation of perishable goods and can be up to 85% of the food and beverage sector's total final energy consumption. High demand for refrigeration has adverse environmental effects such as direct emissions from refrigerant leakage and indirect emissions related to electricity or fossil fuels consumption. ICCEE aims to support and advice small and medium enterprises from the food and beverage sector's cold chains to implement energy efficiency measures by an energy mapping of the cold supply chain including its transport and storage activities. Shifting from the myopic single company perspective to the chain assessment leads to increased energy savings potentials and reduced implementation gaps of EEMs.
Short article: how ESCAN improves the energy efficiency of cold chains thanks to solar-PV
In the food and beverage sector, there is a high potential to improve energy efficiency in cold chains and reduce its annual demand with low or medium investments by 10 to 35 %. In this context, ESCAN and the Spanish Federation of Food and Beverage Industries (FIAB) are implementing in Spain the ICCEE project, offering technical assistance to manufacturing companies and logistics chains to reduce their energy bill and improve the operations of cold systems.
The article explains the positive side effects (also known as multiple benefits) of renovating old and decentralised industrial refrigeration and freezing systems and why increasing industrial companies are switching to solar PV systems. Solar photovoltaic systems match to a great extent with the power needed to produce the cold for the food and beverage industries. Thanks to the project conducted by ESCAN and FIAB, a meat industry company of Northern Spain improved its refrigeration processes. It produces 1000 tonnes per year of high-quality cured ham. The management’s motivation for replacing the refrigeration systems was based on 3 factors: the need to renew the refrigeration equipment which was still using old technology; its high energy consumption; and the desire to innovate and improve the industrial processes. Read more in the article, published in ManagEnergy, and under Fedarene’s best practices.